Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common causes of sexually transmitted disease in both men and women around the world, especially in developing countries, where the occurrence of asymptomatic infection varies from 2 to 44%, which depends on the population and studied region.

According to (Castle et al., 2005; Fernandes et al., 2009; Chan et al., 2010), Human Papilloma virus infection is more prevalent in young adults, at the beginning of their sexual activity, with a subsequent decline in the prevalence rate with increasing age, which could likely be as a result of development of an immune response against the virus and reduction of sexual activity.

 Human Papillomavirus (HPV) can lead to cervical cancer in women, as well as other oral and genital (sex organ) cancers in men and women. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) also causes genital warts.

What is Human Papillomavirus (HPV)?

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). There are many types of human papillomavirus (HPV) of which many do not cause problems, because most human papillomavirus (HPV) infections clears up on their own. Most sexually active men and women will be infected at some point in their lives and some may be repeatedly infected.

Human Papillomavirus is divided into 2 main groups:

Human papillomavirus (HPV) has different strains, and each of this strains are identified with a number. Human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and 18 are regarded as high-risk types which are known to significantly increase the risk of cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancer in women, as well as penile cancer in men.

Low-risk HumanPapilomavirus (HPV) types

Some types of Human Papilomavirus (HPV) can cause warts (papillomas) on or around the genitals and anus of both men and women. Women may also have warts on the cervix and in the vagina, because this type of  Human Papilloma virus (HPV) rarely causes cancer, they are called “low-risk” viruses.

High-risk HumanPapillomavirus (HPV) types

This type of Human papillomavirus (HPV) are called high-risk because they can cause cancer in both men and women. Doctors worry more about the cell changes and pre-cancers linked to these types, because they are more likely to grow into cancers over time. Common high-risk Human Papillomavirus (HPV) types include Human Papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and 18.

Infection with Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is very common. In some people, the body is able to clear the infection on its own. But sometimes, the infection does not go away. Chronic, or long-lasting infection, especially when it is caused by certain high-risk Human Papillomavirus (HPV) types, can cause cancer over time.

How is Human Papillomavirus Transmitted?

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is transmitted through vaginal (sexual) intercourse, anal and oral sex, and other intimate, skin-to-skin contact. The infection can be transmitted easily between sexual partners. Condoms and dental dams can reduce the likelihood of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) transmission but do not completely prevent it.

Signs and Symptoms of Human papillomavirus (HPV)?

Often, there are no symptoms of a Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, because the body clears the infection on its own in a few years hence, many people never know they were infected.

But sometimes an infection with high-risk types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) will last longer and this can cause changes in the cells of the cervix that could lead to cancer including vulvar cancer. Although rare, this could also cause abnormal changes in cells of the penis and anus, but this is rare.

What are the Risk Factors?

Risk factors for Human papillomavirus (HPV) includes

Having sex with someone who has different or has had several sexual partners

Having a weakened immune system

Having a damaged skin area

Can Human papillomavirus (HPV) be cured?

 Presently there is no cure for human papillomavirus (HPV), it clear on its own  and however if  Human Papillomavirus (HPV) does not go away on its own, there are treatments for the genital warts and cervical cell changes caused by Human Papillomavirus.

Does Human Papillomavirus (HPV) go away?

Depending on the type of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) that you have, the virus can linger in the body for years. In most cases, the body can produce antibodies against the virus and clear the virus within one to two years. Most strains of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) go away permanently without treatment.

Hence, it is not uncommon to contract and clear the virus completely without ever knowing that you had it.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) does not present with symptoms, so the only way to be sure of human papillomavirus (HPV) status is through regular testing. Human Papilloma virus (HPV) screening  is not available for men. Women should obtain information from the doctor about screening guidelines, as these vary depending on a woman’s age and Pap smear history.

How can I prevent Human papillomavirus (HPV)?

There is no sure way to prevent this infection but there are things to do to lower the chances of being infected. There are  vaccines that can be used to protect young people from the Human Papilomavirus (HPV) types most closely linked to cancer and genital warts.

 Although Human Papilomavirus (HPV) can be spread during sexual contact – including vaginal, anal, and oral sex – sex is not the only way for the infection to spread. All that is needed is skin-to-skin contact with an area of the body infected with Human Papilomavirus (HPV). There may also be other yet unclear ways to becoming infected with Human Papillomavirus (HPV). The virus can be passed to others without knowing.

Condom use  

Condoms (“rubbers”) provide some protection against Human Papiloma Virus, but they do not completely prevent infection. Condoms should be used correctly every time sex occurs.

Although, condoms do provide some protection against Human Papillomavirus (HPV), and they also help protect against some other sexually transmitted infections; condoms cannot provide a complete protection because they do not cover every possible human papillomavirus (HPV) infected area of the body, such as the skin on the genital or anal area.

Limiting sex partners

Limiting the number of sex partners and avoiding sex with people who have had many other sex partners can help lower the risk of exposure to genital Human Papilomavirus (HPV). But again, Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is very common, so having sex with even one person can put an individual at risk.

Human Papillomavirus vaccines

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines can prevent infection with certain types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV), including Human Papilomavirus (HPV)-related cancers, as well as types linked to anal and genital warts.

The vaccines are approved for use in males and females. They can only be used to prevent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection – they do not help treat an existing infection. The vaccines should be given at or before the age of 11 or 12 years.

Testing for Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

The Human Papilomavirus (HPV) tests are only approved to investigate cervical cancer in women. This can be used to help test women at certain ages and after certain Pap test findings to help look for cervical cancer.

There is no approved test to find Human Papillomavirus (HPV) on the penis or vulva, or in the anus,mouth, or throat.

There is no test for men or women to check overall Human Papillomavirus (HPV) status.

For cervical cancer screening,the American Cancer Society recommends that women ages 30 to 65 get both  Human Papillomavirus (HPV) test and Pap test every 5 years. Another option for these women is just a Pap test every 3 years. While this can find the cell changes caused by Human Papillomavirus (h, it does not find Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection.

Treatment for Human Papillomavirus (HPV) or Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-related diseases

There is no treatment for the virus itself, but there are treatments for the cell changes that Human Papillomavirus can cause.

Cancer is easiest to treat when it is found early – while it is small and before it spreads. Some cancer screening tests can find early cell changes caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV), and these changes can be treated before they even become cancer. genital warts that are visible can be removed with prescribed medicines.


  1. I was diagnosed with abnormal cells SIN 1 in 2019 April, I thought I was going to die as soon as the doctor told me I had HPV and SIN 1. I literally imagined my funeral. Perhaps it was extreme at the time but back then I kept searching the internet and all I can see on the internet is that there was no cure. I did everything I can to do the diet and quit smoking and it still escalated to SIN 2. I immediately contacted a woman that did her escharotic treatment that was diagnosed with HPV 16 and was at SIN 3 when she had her treatment. Her treatment was successful and until this day she has normal cells and no HPV, so I got the details of the DR she did it with and it was DR Sani. I went for the treatment with Dr. Sani and now I have normal cells and HPV is gone. I completed my treatment in January 2020 and I have had 3 pap smears and they have all come back normal. I totally recommend Dr. Sani for his experience, knowledge and professionalism. I just can’t thank you enough Dr.Sani. You have changed my life. Thank you for helping women with this condition. If you also need help from the doctor, you can reach him on WhatsApp on: +2348118184266 or by Email on:

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