Parasitology/Neglected Tropical Disease

WHAT IS NEUROCYSTICERCOSIS?

Neurocysticercosis is an infection that is caused by the larval form of a parasite called taenium solium commonly known as tapeworm. It is the most common parasitic disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS) and also the most common cause of acquired epilepsy worldwide. The larval cyst of taenia solium can affect various parts …

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PREVENTION AGAINST ZOONOTIC DISEASES

From the first article on zoonotic we discussed that zoonotic diseases are diseases that are spread from animals to man. These zoonotic diseases are infections acquired by man from animals as a result of man’s interaction with these animals. Zoonotic diseases are preventable disease but this is possible when all stakeholders and individuals are willing …

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ZOONOSIS: ANIMALS AND THE SPREAD OF DISEASE

Across the world today man has been awakened with a new trend in the spread of disease from animals to man. Man and animals are supposed to cohabit in their natural habitat as a means of balance in nature, however, today many modern diseases started out as zoonotic disease. But, what could have been responsible …

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SOIL TRANSMITTED HELMINTHIASES (STH)

Soil transmitted helminthiases is a collective name for diseases caused by a group of intestinal parasites belonging to the phylum nematode.They are transmitted primarily through contaminated soil.Eggs present in human faeces contaminate the soil in areas where sanitation is poor. Soil transmitted helminthiasisis classified as one of the neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), it affects approximately …

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HUMAN AFRICAN TRYPANOSOMIASIS

Human African trypanosomiasis, is commonly referred to as sleeping sickness. It is a parasitic vector-borne disease. The infection is caused by a protozoan parasite of the Trypanosoma genus. Bite from infected tsetse fly (Glossinagenus) transmits the infection to human; the infected tsetse fly may either acquire the infection from man or animal who are carriers of …

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LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS (LF): HISTORY, CAUSE, SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS, TREATMENT AND PREVENTION

Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, threadlike nematode worms. The adult worm of this parasitic nematode only live in the human lymph system and people with this disease suffer from lymphadema (swelling that generally occur in one arm or legs) and elephantiasis (An enlargement and hardening of limbs or body parts …

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LEPROSY: HISTORY, SYMPTOMS, FORMS, TREATMENT AND PREVENTION

Leprosy is an infection caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium leprae. It is also known as Hansen disease. Leprosy or Hansen disease can affect the nerve, eyes, skin and the nasal mucosa. Leprosy causes severe, disfiguring skin sores and nerve damage in the arms, legs and skin and around the body. Brief History of Leprosy Leprosy …

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ONCHOCERCIASIS (RIVER BLINDNESS): THE BATTLE FOR ITS ERADICATION

Onchocerciasis also known as River Blindness is a parasitic disease caused by the filarial worm known scientifically as Onchocerca volvulus. Wondering how it got the name, River Blindness? The disease is called River Blindness because the black flies that transmit the infection lives and breeds near fast flowing streams or rivers and the infection can …

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SCHISTOSOMIASIS: TRANSMISSION, SYMPTOMS, DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND PREVENTION.

According to World Health Organization(WHO) Schistosomiasis progress report of 2001-2011 and strategic plan 2012-2020.(2010), Nigeria has the highest number of Schistosomiasis cases in the world-in the African region, and over 26% of people requiring chemotherapy reside in Nigeria. Large water bodies such as lakes, irrigated lands, and dams are also keys for Schistosomiasis transmission and …

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